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Higher Education: Higher Education Home

Welcome to the library guide

Start Here

Databases contain thousands of scholarly and professional articles from past and present.  Use keywords to search for research, reports, and other scholarship about higher education.  Please know that some of these databases also contain articles about the K-12 environment, so include keywords like "higher education" or college in your searches. Depending on your program emphasis consider these subject-specific databases in Sports, Business, or Communication.

The Library specially subscribes to these scholarly, academic journals.  To access, go to Journals A-Z on the Library Homepage and type in the title name to gain access. 

Review of Higher Education
Journal of College and Character
Journal of the First Year Experience
New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education
New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
New Directions for Community Colleges
New Directions for Evaluation
New Directions for Higher Education
New Directions for Institutional Research
New Directions for Student Leadership
New Directions for Student Services
New Directions for Teaching and Learning


APA Tutorials (Requires Messiah Login; Go to APAStyleCentral to start)

Set up your paper

In-Text Citations

References List

APA Quick Guide Examples


Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher Name. DOI (if available)

Stoneman, R. (2008). Alexander the Great: A life in legend. Yale University Press.

Book Chapter

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In E. E. Editor & F. F. Editor (Eds.), Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (pp. pages of chapter). Publisher. DOI (if available)

Armstrong, D. (2019). Malory and character. In M. G. Leitch & C. J. Rushton (Eds.), A new companion to Malory (pp. 144-163). D. S. Brewer.

Journal Article with DOI (Digital Object Identifier)

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.

Baniya, S., & Weech, S. (2019). Data and experience design: Negotiating community-oriented digital research with service-learning. Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement, 6(1), 1116.

Journal Article without DOI

Denny, H., Nordlof, J., & Salem, L. (2018). "Tell me exactly what it was that I was doing that was so bad": Understanding the needs and expectations of working-class students in writing centers. Writing Center Journal, 37(1), 6798.


Lastname, F. M. (Year, Month Date). Title of page. Site name. URL

Price, D. (2018, March 23). Laziness does not exist. Medium.

Online News

Lastname, F. M. (Year, Month Date). Title of article. Title of Publication. URL

Richards, C. (2019, December 9). Best music of 2019: Lana Del Rey sings lullabies about the end of America. Washington Post.

If the source doesn't come from a site with an associated newspaper, italicize the title of the article, but leave the name of the site unformatted.

Lastname, F. M. (Year, Month Date). Title of article. Name of publishing website. URL

Jones, J. (2020, May 10). Why flats dominate Spain's housing market. BBC.

Streaming Video

Last Name, F. M. [Username]. (Year, Month Date). Title of video [Video]. Streaming Service. URL

McDonnell, C. [charlieissocoollike]. (2017, May 17). Stop procrastinating [Video file]. YouTube.

Messiah Library Catalog  Search print and ebooks; DVDs and curriculum resources

EBook Central (ebooks)  Download, print, and read thousands of books right now

Streaming Videos  Try Films on Demand or Sports and Exercise Science in Video with 1000s of videos

Worldcat  Find a library near you with the book you need

Interlibrary loan  Get books and journal articles from Messiah and other libraries. Articles can take anywhere between 12 hours to 1 week to arrive. Books can take between 2 days to 2 weeks to arrive. Postage paid shipping is provided to remote students.  This is a free service.

**In most cases, we cannot ILL request Dissertations or Dissertation Abstracts**

Reference Books

Still not finding what you need? Librarians can help you:

  • plan your research strategy
  • brainstorm, focus, broaden, or clarify your research topic
  • guide you to the right sources
  • get your materials through ILL or online
  • evaluate credible, scholarly information
  • properly cite your sources
  • make recommendations of where else to look for information
  • with technology issues (though we're not computer wizards)

Is this scholarly header

Scholarly or Not?

Scholarly journal articles often:

  • Are written by a scholar, professor, or researcher who is an authority on the topic (check the bio)
  • Use scholarly language and special terminology meant to be read by others in the field
  • Include sources cited in-text and in a bibliography/references section
  • Utilize labels like an abstract and conclusion and/or include data, graphs, or tables
  • Include many pages of text to provide depth and analysis
  • Can be Peer-reviewed

Telling the difference between scholarly, trade, and professional journals

Scholarly or not checklist

List of scholarly Higher Ed journals

Messiah's Library contains scholarly and professional publications in their collections. Scholarly materials can also be called academic, peer-reviewed, or refereed journals.

Ask your librarian or professor if you're unsure. We're here to help!

You can often tell if it's scholarly even before you download the article.

Example of scholarly article
A trade publication example

Ask me!

Sarah Myers's picture
Sarah Myers
Murray Library, Behind Circulation
Suite 3002
717.766.2511 x. 3590