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Open Educational Resources: Home

Open educational and open source resources

"OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge." [1]

Image result for open access

The Open Education movement is built around the 5Rs of Open [2]

  • Retain – the right to make, own, and control copies of the content
  • Reuse – the right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)
  • Revise – the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language)
  • Remix – the right to combine the original or revised content with other open content to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup)
  • Redistribute – the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)

OER can be found on many websites.  Choose from the list below or navigate to the Subject-Specific resources page: 

Thousands of resources are just a click away!

600,000+ ebooks : All disciplines.  Especially strong in religion, psychology, and medicine (coming soon)

Listed in the library catalog. Persistent links available for embedding. Read online, as a PDF, print selected pages, or download chapters.  Alert librarian to ensure availability for multiple users. Citation information exportable to Refworks or Zotero.

90,000 Streaming videos : Documentaries, interviews, theater performances, case studies, newsreels, field recordings, commercials, and raw footage

Listed in the library catalog. Persistent links available for embedding.

Journal articles from databases : 115,000 periodical titles available

Persistent links available for embedding. Citation information exportable to Refworks or Zotero.

Don't forget to create stable links to embed into Canvas!

Messiah's EZ Proxy link starts with:

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Creative Commons and OERs

Choose the right license for you and your work.

BCcampus Open Education Self-Publishing Guide

A reference for individuals or groups wanting to write and self-publish an open textbook. This guide provides details on the preparation, planning, writing, publication, and maintenance of an open textbook.

Authoring Open Textbooks

Content includes a checklist for getting started, publishing program case studies, textbook organization and elements, writing resources and an overview of useful tools.

Modifying an Open Textbook

A five-step guide for faculty who want to modify an open textbook. Step-by-step instructions for importing and editing common open textbook file and platform types are included.

BCcampus Open Education Accessibility Toolkit, Amanda Coolidge, Sue Doner, and Tara Robertson, BCcampus

Importing Open Content With Pressbooks, Steel Wagstaff, UW-Madison

Self-Publishing Guide, Lauri Aesoph, BCcampus

Authoring Open Textbooks, Melissa Falldin & Karen Lauritsen, Open Textbook Network

Modifying an Open Textbook: What You Need to Know, Cheryl Cuillier, Amy Hofer, Annie Johnson, Kathleen Labadorf, et al., Open Textbook Network

A Guide to Making Open Textbooks with Students, Robin DeRosa, Rajiv Jhangiani, Timothy Robbins, David Squires, et al., Rebus Community

The Evolution of Affordable Content Efforts in the Higher Education Environment: Programs, Case Studies, and Examples, Kristi Jensen and Shane Nackerud, Editors, University of Minnesota

UH OER Training, William Meinke, UH OER

Faculty OER Toolkit, Shannon Moist, BCcampus Open Education

Print-on-Demand Guide, Lauri Aesoph, BCcampus Open Education

Publishing in PressbooksUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 

The Rebus Guide to Publishing Open Textbooks (So Far)Rebus Community 


PDFs or ePubs are generally ideal for text OER.

OERPUB - open-source tools for authoring, adapting, remixing, and publishing open education resources and then delivering them to the web, mobile, tablet, and print.

OER Commons - Use Module Builder to create interactive content or Open Author to create course materials using text, files, images, etc. You will be prompted to set up an account to use this platform.

iBooks Author - Available free on the Mac App Store allows anyone to create Multi-Touch textbooks for iPad (with galleries, video, interactive diagrams, 3D objects, mathematical expressions, and more).

Where to Publish

Messiah College's Institutional Repository - Mosaic at

Open Textbook Library - If you've created (or found) an openly licensed, complete, and downloadable textbook whose license allows adaptation or derivatives, consider submitting it to be listed in the Open Textbook Library. Contribute material here

MERLOTNew user registration  Contribute material

OER Commons - Contribute material

OpenStax - New user registration  Login to contribute material


PowerPoint Presentation from May Development Week 2018. Beth Transue.

College Board. (2017). Understanding college costs. Retrieved May 4, 2018, from

Donaldson, R. L., Nelson, D. W., & Thomas, E. (2010). 2010 Florida Student Textbook Survey. Florida Virtual Campus.

Frederick, L. (2008). Retention and the cost of college textbooks. Retrieved from

Hilton, J., & Laman, C. (2012). One college’s use of an open psychology textbook. Open Learning, 27(3), 265–272.

Open Textbook Alliance.

National Association of College Stores. (2017). Higher Ed Retail Market Facts & Figures. Retrieved May 4, 2018, from

Senack, E. (2014). Fixing the broken textbook market: How students respond to high textbook costs and demand alternatives. Student Public Interest Research Groups. Retrieved from

Senack, E., & Donoghue, R. (2016). Covering the cost: Why we can no longer afford to ignore high textbook prices.Student Public Interest Research Groups.

William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. (n.d.). Open Educational Resources. Retrieved from

Williams, L. (2013). Textbooks on Reserve. University Business, 16(4), 14–14.

Winitzky-Stephens, J., & Pickavance, J. (2017). Open Educational Resources and Student Course Outcomes: A Multilevel Analysis. International Review of Research in Open & Distance Learning, 18(4), 35–49.